5 February Snowstorm

A double-barrel low pressure system impacted the entire WFO Albany, NY forecast area with a significant snowfall beginning overnight on February 4th and continuing through much of the day February 5th. A period of sleet and some freezing rain also occurred during the early morning hours on February 5th for locations south and east of the Capital Region where warmer low-level air briefly intruded as the storm transferred its energy to the coast.

Prior to the event, model guidance was in good agreement handling the timing and evolution of this system. A Miller type B overrunning event, an area of low pressure initially developed across the lower Mississippi River valley and tracked northeastwards into the Tennessee and Ohio River valleys, as a sharp and strong 120+ kt 300mb jet associated with southern energy ejecting out of the lower Rockies carved a deep upper-level trough across the central CONUS. As the surface low developed, a frontal boundary became situated NNE/SSW across roughly a line stretching from I80 in PA across to I70 into portions of OH and IN. This front, combined with impressive upper-level dynamics thanks in part to a duel-jet upper-level jet structure resulting in enhanced rising motion from a broad diffluent height field in the left-exit region of the southern stream 300mb jet and right-entrance region of the northern stream jet, allowed snow to initially develop across the lower Great Lakes and Ohio River valley. This duel-jet structure in the upper-levels would help develop a southwesterly Low Level Jet of around 30-40kt that would tap Gulf moisture as the surface low raced northeastwards, allowing plenty of moisture to be in place for snow.

This storm was well coordinated several days prior to the event, and initial forecasts emphasized the potential for a moderate to significant snowfall of 6-12 inches...with the a mention of sleet as there continued to be signs that enough warm air would creep northwards across southern portions of the forecast area.

Updated forecasts were issued well ahead of the storm system for the entire forecast area. With model guidance during the coming into better agreement handling the QPF associated with this system, snow totals in the updated text were narrowed to 8-12 inches, with 12-15 inches possible across higher elevation locations of the eastern Catskills, Berkshires, and southern Green Mountains.

Snowfall rates were not expected to be high during the event, generally around a half inch per hour, with up to an inch per hour rates associated with any bands/bandlets. Snow ratios were initially projected to be in the 15:1 to 17:1 range. Actual snowfall ratios ended up being around 10:1.

Snow began around midnight and spread across the region quickly, with generally 2-6 inches of snow on the ground by the morning commute. Up to 10 inches of snow fell across southern areas...as the isentropic lift along the 285K surface was quite impressive during the overnight period. Although there was some concern that sleet would lower snowfall totals across southern zones, sleet did occur during the morning of the 5th, but only after significant snow had already fallen. The sleet did allow for a small area of lower snowfall totals across southern Litchfield County.

An impressive band of 2 inch per hour snow set up in the immediate Capital Region as the snow moved in shortly after midnight. Precipitation went from flurries to heavy snow in a very short duration (under 15 minutes). This first band was the initial burst of isentropic lift, likely initiated by the nose of the low level jet. The band slowly lifted northward and weakened. After that, snowfall rates were more in the typical 1/2-1 inch rate. Had that band happened during the morning drive, it would have likely had crippling effects on transportation. No model picked up on such a dramatic initial intensity.

As energy was transferred to the coastal low during the day February 5th, an enhanced area of deformation snow set up from the Capital Region and points northward. The 00z Feb 4 NAM hinted at this area of enhanced snowfall, and cross sections showed a region of maximized negative Equivalent Potential Vorticity coinciding with the Dendritic Growth Zone and strongest omega values. With little variation in the theta field due to diabatic effects, this guidance hinted that a degree of conditional symmetric instability was in play in promoting this band of enhanced snowfall that moved across locations north of the Capital District during the late morning/early afternoon hours on the 5th. Several locations in the Adirondacks eastward into the Lake George/Saratoga region picked up 6-8 inches of additional snow in this 6-8 hour period. This band helped increase snowfall totals across these areas. Additional convergence allowed for snow showers to linger into the early evening hours, before dissipating by 10pm on the 5th.

Final snowfall totals ended up closely to what was forecast, with nearly 2/3 of the forecast area being within +/- 3 inches between forecast and observed snowfall, per GIS calculations.

2. What was learned from this event:

The initial snow band with the strong isentropic lift produced snow rates of 1-2"/hr and this moved through the Capital Region into southern VT. The radar imagery and the ground truth was helpful to brief VT emergency management at 4 am with WFO BTV. It was mentioned that these rates could impact the morning commute and general half inch to inch hourly rates would be ongoing into the afternoon.

 

Forecast Model Guidance - Note the predictions for snow in the SREF are north of the SREF and GEFS

probabilities for the most liquid equivalent precipitation.  Note also the relative model consistency in each

set of guidance and from run-to run.

 

Above:  Forecast of 850 hPa temperatures from the 0000 UTC 3 February GFS.

Above:  Forecast of 850 hPa and 300 hPa winds from the 0000 UTC 3 February GFS.

Above:  Forecast of 0000 UTC 3 February GEFS (top) and 2100 UTC 2 February SREF (bottom) probabilities for 0.50-0.60" liquid equivalent (left) and 1.00" liquid equivalent precipitation (right).

Above:  Forecast of 2100 UTC 2 February SREF probability for ≥ 4" of snow (top left), ≥ 8" of snow (top right), 850 hPa temperatures (lower left) and 12 hour snowfall (lower right).

Above:  Time sections for Albany, NY (left), Glens Falls, NY (center) and Poughkeepsie, NY (right) from the 0000 UTC 3 February GFS.

 

Above:  Forecast of 850 hPa temperatures from the 0000 UTC 4 February GFS.

Above:  Forecast of 850 hPa and 300 hPa winds from the 0000 UTC 4 February GFS.

Above:  Forecast of 0000 UTC 4 February GEFS (top) and 2100 UTC 3 February SREF (bottom) probabilities for 0.50-0.60" liquid equivalent (left) and 1.00" liquid equivalent precipitation (right).

Above:  Time sections for Albany, NY (left), Glens Falls, NY (center) and Poughkeepsie, NY (right) from the 0000 UTC 4 February GFS.

Above:  Forecast loops of 0000 UTC 3 February (left 4-panel) and 0000 UTC 4 February (right 4-panel) GFS (left) and NAM (right) QG Frontogenesis (top) and isentropic lift (bottom).

Weather Prediction Center Winter Weather Desk Forecasts - Note the snowfall predictions increased over

the NWS Albany forecast area as the onset of the storm approached.

Above:  Forecasts for 50th percentile for ≥ 8" of snow (left),  ≥ 12" of snow (center) and total accumulation (right).

Above:  Three day snowfall (left) and ice (right) from the 0600 UTC 3 February prediction.

Above:  Three day snowfall (left) and ice (right) from the 0600 UTC 4 February prediction.

 

Above:  Three day predicted snowfall (left) and ice (right) from the 0000 UTC 5 February prediction.

Ensembles - Note the SREF plumes were indicating clustering at higher liquid equivalent values than the

GEFS.

Above:  Heights and anomalies from the 1200 UTC 4 February GFSEnsemble 500 hPa valid 1200 UTC 5 February.

Above:  MSLP and anomalies from the 1200 UTC 4 February GFSEnsemble valid 1200 UTC 5 February.

Above:  PWAT and anomalies from the 1200 UTC 4 February GFSEnsemble valid 1200 UTC 5 February.

Above:  Winds and anomalies at 850 hPa from the 1200 UTC 4 February GFSEnsemble during the warm advection phase (left) and upper deformation phase (right).

Above:  GFSEnsemble 1200 UTC 4 February plume (left) and SREF 2100 UTC 4 February plume (right) for Albany, NY.

 

Above:  GFSEnsemble 1200 UTC 4 February plume (left) and SREF 2100 UTC 4 February plume (right) for Binghamton, NY.

 

Above:  GFSEnsemble 1200 UTC 4 February plume (left) and SREF 2100 UTC 4 February plume (right) for Monticello, NY.

MOS Guidance - Note the decrease in snowfall forecasts as the onset of the storm approached but then a

quick adjustment upward in the last set of MOS guidance during the onset of the storm.  However, even the

lowest snowfall predictions in any of the MOS guidance suggested 4-6" of snow.


274 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KALB   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              30           9          18           4       20
TMP  23 26 28 28 25 22 18 13  9 12 16 16 14 11  9  8  7 14 18 15  8
DPT  17 19 20 19 16 13  8  3  0  1  3  4  3  1 -1 -1 -1  3  4  3 -2
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC SC SC CL FW BK BK OV OV BK BK FW SC CL
WDR  01 03 02 35 33 33 32 33 32 32 30 29 29 28 24 24 25 26 27 26 26
WSP  05 09 05 05 08 09 08 05 05 06 05 05 05 04 05 04 05 09 11 09 09
P06       100    84     7     0     4     2     0     0     5  0  0
P12             100           7           6           3        8
Q06         3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      1/ 2  1/ 9  0/ 0  0/ 8  0/10  0/ 2  0/ 7  0/ 3  0/ 4  0/ 5
T12                  1/ 9        0/10        0/12        0/ 5  0/14
POZ   4 10 11  7  4  3  3  3  4  3  3  2  2  2  3  4  5  4  4  2  4
POS  96 90 89 93 96 98 98 97 96 97 97 97 98 97 97 96 95 96 96 95 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           6                       0
CIG   3  3  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   2  1  1  1  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  FG FG BL FG BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
239 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KALB   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    28          10          21           5    22
TMP  25 24 23 25 25 25 24 22 18 14 10 14 18 19 16 13 10  8  8 19 16
DPT  18 18 18 21 21 21 19 15  8  4  1  2  4  4  4  2  0  0  0  4  3
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC CL FW FW CL SC BK OV BK SC SC FW CL
WDR  08 02 01 04 03 36 34 33 32 32 32 33 30 30 29 29 24 22 26 27 27
WSP  01 02 03 06 05 05 07 10 08 04 04 05 05 05 04 04 04 04 07 10 07
P06       100    99    78     7     0     3     3     0     2  3  0
P12                    99           7           5           2     3
Q06         3     3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 3  1/ 6  1/ 5  0/ 0  0/ 3  0/ 5  0/12  0/ 6  0/ 2  0/13
T12            1/ 6        1/11        0/11        0/14     0/ 8
POZ   2  3  5 11 12  9  7  3  3  3  4  3  3  3  2  2  3  4  5  4  3
POS  95 97 96 89 89 90 93 97 97 97 97 97 97 98 97 97 97 96 95 96 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 4                       0
CIG   7  5  3  3  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  4  3  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR FG FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
194 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KALB   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              18          27           9          21        5
TMP  26 24 22 22 21 23 23 23 22 21 17 13  9 14 18 19 16 13 10  8 18
DPT  12 14 16 17 17 19 20 20 18 13  7  3  0  2  4  4  3  2  0  0  4
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV FW FW SC FW CL SC BK BK CL SC FW
WDR  00 00 05 03 02 03 01 35 33 33 32 32 32 32 30 30 29 28 25 25 27
WSP  00 00 01 04 05 07 06 05 07 10 08 04 05 06 06 06 05 05 05 06 10
P06         5    99   100    80     8     3     3     1     1  6  5
P12              99         100           8           6        6
Q06         0     3     3     1     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           3           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 4  1/ 2  1/19  0/ 0  0/ 5  0/ 6  0/ 8  0/ 0  0/ 7
T12                  1/ 6        1/19        0/ 8        0/ 9  0/ 7
POZ   2  2  3  5  8 11 11 11  8  2  3  3  4  4  4  3  2  2  3  5  4
POS  96 99 97 95 92 90 90 89 92 98 97 97 96 96 96 97 97 97 97 95 95
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       4                    0
CIG   8  7  7  4  3  2  2  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  4  3  2  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
992 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KALB   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    19          30          11          22     6
TMP  29 31 28 24 23 22 22 24 27 28 25 22 18 14 11 15 19 20 18 11  8
DPT  11 11 10 12 15 17 17 19 20 19 17 14  9  5  2  4  5  6  5  2 -1
CLD  BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL SC SC FW FW SC FW CL SC
WDR  30 33 00 00 06 06 36 04 02 35 33 32 32 32 31 31 29 29 28 26 26
WSP  04 03 00 00 01 02 05 06 03 05 07 10 08 06 06 07 08 07 06 08 06
P06         0     6    96    94    66     7     1     0     7  3  5
P12                    96          94           7           7     5
Q06         0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 5  0/ 7  0/ 4  2/ 0  1/17  0/ 2  0/ 3  0/ 5  0/ 3  0/ 6
T12            0/ 8        2/ 5        1/17        0/ 5     0/13
POZ   2  2  2  2  3  3  6 11 12 12  7  3  3  4  4  4  4  3  2  4  5
POS  98 98 99 98 97 97 94 89 88 89 91 98 97 96 96 97 97 97 97 97 95
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     2                       4                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  7  4  3  3  2  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  3  4  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
201 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KALB   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              29          20          28          10       23
TMP  18 24 27 28 25 23 23 22 22 23 25 25 24 22 18 13 10 16 21 19 12
DPT  10 12 13 13 14 15 16 18 18 20 21 21 18 13  8  5  2  4  6  6  2
CLD  SC CL FW FW OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC SC FW BK BK FW BK CL
WDR  30 32 32 34 01 00 36 06 02 36 01 34 32 32 32 32 31 31 30 28 26
WSP  03 04 04 03 01 00 01 02 04 06 05 05 08 11 08 06 05 06 08 07 09
P06         2     0    17   100    99    60     3     0     6  3  4
P12               5         100          99           6       11
Q06         0     0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           3           3           0        0
T06      0/ 8  0/ 2  0/10  0/ 4  1/ 4  1/ 8  0/ 0  0/ 6  0/ 4  0/ 3
T12                  0/11        1/ 4        1/ 8        0/ 6  0/14
POZ   3  2  2  2  2  2  3  3  8 11 12  9  6  2  3  4  5  4  4  2  4
POS  95 98 98 98 98 98 98 97 92 89 87 90 94 97 97 96 95 96 96 95 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           2                       2
CIG   8  8  8  8  8  7  6  4  3  3  3  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  7  7  3  3  2  3  4  6  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Albany, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
055 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KALB   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    27           9          23          11    26
TMP  27 26 24 25 25 24 23 21 16 12  9 16 21 22 19 16 15 14 14 24 20
DPT  20 20 19 20 20 18 16 14  9  4  0  3  5  5  5  6  7  7  7  8  6
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK CL SC SC OV OV OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  00 02 01 01 02 34 33 34 32 32 32 31 29 27 27 21 23 19 25 28 27
WSP  00 03 04 05 07 08 13 07 05 04 02 05 07 07 03 04 04 04 05 13 05
P06        94    92    85    29     1     3     1     0     4  6  4
P12                    92          33           4           4    13
Q06         2     3     3     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      5/ 2  4/ 9  1/10  0/ 1  0/ 0  1/ 3  1/ 2  1/ 7  1/ 5  1/15
T12            5/ 9        1/10        1/ 3        1/ 7     2/ 7
SNW                                 6                       0
CIG   7  7  4  4  3  4  5  5  5  6  8  8  8  8  7  8  6  6  6  6  7
VIS   7  7  5  2  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N BR FG BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
047 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KALB   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    22          29          13          25    11
TMP  27 29 26 27 27 26 24 25 26 25 22 20 18 16 14 17 23 24 22 16 13
DPT  13 15 16 19 21 20 19 19 19 17 15 12 11  9  8  8  8  9  9  7  5
CLD  BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC SC OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  30 33 03 00 01 02 04 02 05 36 32 33 33 33 32 30 29 27 27 23 25
WSP  05 04 01 00 02 04 05 06 07 07 09 09 05 04 03 06 08 08 05 04 05
P06         2     2    94    88    72     2     2     4     3  1 10
P12                    94          88           3          10    10
Q06         0     0     3     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/10  1/ 5  5/ 1  3/ 8  2/10  0/ 3  0/ 1  1/ 7  1/10  1/ 6
T12            2/10        7/ 8        2/10        1/ 7     2/10
SNW                     2                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  6  4  4  4  3  4  4  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  6  6  6
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  4  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Albany, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.

341 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KDDH   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    28           7          21           7    23
TMP  26 25 24 25 25 25 22 19 13  9  7 15 19 20 17 15 12 10 11 20 18
DPT  21 21 20 20 20 18 16 13  8  5  2  6  7  7  7  6  5  4  3  9  8
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC BK SC OV OV OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  13 00 10 11 08 35 30 29 30 23 00 28 28 27 25 24 25 25 24 27 25
WSP  01 00 04 06 07 07 06 05 03 02 00 02 04 04 03 03 04 02 03 07 03
P06        94    92    86    29     1     3     0     0     3  6  4
P12                    92          34           4           4    14
Q06         2     3     3     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      6/ 5  4/ 9  2/11  0/ 2  0/ 1  1/ 4  1/ 3  1/ 7  1/ 5  1/16
T12            6/ 9        2/11        1/ 4        1/ 7     2/ 8
SNW                                 6                       0
CIG   7  6  4  4  4  4  5  4  5  5  7  8  8  8  7  7  6  5  6  6  6
VIS   7  7  5  2  3  1  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N BR FG BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
024 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KDDH   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    22          28           8          23     8
TMP  26 28 24 23 25 25 25 25 25 24 22 19 14 11  9 16 21 22 19 14 11
DPT  13 16 19 19 20 21 20 19 18 17 15 12  9  6  5  7  8  8  8  6  3
CLD  FW BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK BK OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  28 31 00 00 10 09 09 14 10 01 30 32 29 25 27 29 27 27 25 24 25
WSP  03 01 00 00 02 02 04 09 12 06 05 04 04 02 01 01 05 05 04 03 03
P06         2     2    94    88    78     2     2     4     1  1  9
P12                    94          88           3           9     9
Q06         0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/11  1/ 5  5/ 6  2/11  2/14  0/ 4  0/ 2  1/ 7  1/11  1/ 8
T12            2/11        6/11        2/14        1/ 7     2/11
SNW                     2                       4                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  6  4  4  4  4  4  5  5  5  5  6  8  8  8  6  6  6
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  5  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
214 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KDDH   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              29           6          19           1       19
TMP  22 26 27 26 22 19 15  9  6 10 17 17 10  8  6  5  5 12 17 14  5
DPT  17 20 21 19 16 14  9  4  0  2  1  0  0 -1 -1 -2 -1  3  4  3 -3
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC BK CL FW BK BK OV OV OV BK SC CL CL FW
WDR  12 10 10 05 32 30 30 31 31 32 31 27 25 23 25 25 25 26 27 25 25
WSP  07 07 08 06 06 06 04 02 01 01 03 02 04 03 02 03 02 06 07 05 04
P06       100    90    11     0     3     1     0     0     6  0  0
P12             100          11           5           3        9
Q06         3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      1/ 3  1/12  0/ 0  0/ 8  0/11  0/ 2  0/ 8  0/ 5  0/ 5  0/ 5
T12                  1/12        0/11        0/14        0/ 6  0/16
POZ   3  8 11  7  5  3  2  3  4  4  3  3  2  2  3  4  5  4  4  3  3
POS  97 92 89 93 95 97 98 97 96 96 97 97 98 98 97 96 95 96 96 97 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           6                       0
CIG   3  3  3  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   3  2  2  3  5  6  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  BR FG FG BR BR HZ  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
049 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KDDH   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    30           4          20           2    20
TMP  26 26 26 27 27 27 23 19 13  7  4 12 18 18 12 10  7  6  6 17 14
DPT  14 16 18 20 22 20 17 14 10  4  0  4  4  4  4  1 -1 -2 -1  5  3
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV FW SC BK CL FW OV SC OV BK BK OV SC CL
WDR  09 10 11 10 11 05 33 29 30 31 32 31 30 28 23 24 26 27 24 28 27
WSP  01 03 07 07 07 06 05 06 04 02 02 02 03 03 02 03 02 02 03 07 06
P06       100    98    85    10     0     3     3     0     1  3  0
P12                    98          10           4           1     3
Q06         3     3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 5  2/ 7  1/10  0/ 0  0/ 3  0/ 5  0/13  0/ 7  0/ 4  0/14
T12            2/ 7        1/15        0/12        0/16     0/ 9
POZ   2  3  4  9 11 10  8  3  3  3  4  3  3  3  2  2  3  4  5  4  3
POS  95 97 96 91 89 89 92 97 97 97 96 97 97 97 98 98 97 96 95 96 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 4                       0
CIG   7  6  3  3  3  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  5  3  2  1  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
239 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KDDH   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              19          29           6          18        2
TMP  22 21 22 23 24 25 26 26 22 18 13  8  6 11 16 17 14 11  8  6 17
DPT  14 15 15 17 18 19 20 18 15 13  9  4  0  2  4  4  3  1  0 -1  4
CLD  BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC SC BK CL CL SC BK BK BK BK FW
WDR  00 00 09 11 12 11 08 02 31 30 30 32 32 31 31 29 26 26 26 26 27
WSP  00 00 01 04 08 08 08 06 07 06 03 02 02 02 03 03 02 03 02 03 06
P06         2    99   100    88    12     4     3     1     0  6  5
P12              99         100          12           6        6
Q06         0     3     3     2     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           4           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 6  1/ 3  1/21  0/ 0  0/ 6  0/ 6  0/ 8  0/ 0  0/ 7
T12                  1/ 8        1/21        0/ 8        0/10  0/ 7
POZ   3  2  3  4  7  9  9 11  8  3  3  3  4  4  4  3  2  2  3  5  4
POS  95 98 98 96 93 91 91 90 92 97 98 97 96 96 96 97 98 98 97 95 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       6                    0
CIG   8  7  7  5  3  3  3  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  5  3  2  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
097 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KDDH   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    18          29           8          22     3
TMP  28 30 23 19 20 22 22 25 27 27 23 20 15 10  8 14 19 20 15  9  5
DPT  13 13 12 12 15 17 18 19 20 19 17 14  9  4  2  4  4  4  4  1 -2
CLD  OV BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK SC CL CL BK SC SC BK
WDR  30 30 00 00 13 11 12 11 10 36 32 29 30 30 31 30 30 29 25 26 26
WSP  02 02 00 00 01 04 09 08 08 07 05 06 04 03 02 01 04 04 04 04 03
P06         0     3    96    94    74    10     1     0     6  3  5
P12                    96          95          10           6     5
Q06         0     0     3     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           4           0           0     0
T06      0/ 6  0/ 7  0/ 6  2/ 0  1/19  0/ 2  0/ 4  0/ 6  0/ 4  0/ 7
T12            0/ 9        2/ 9        1/19        0/ 6     0/13
POZ   2  2  2  2  3  3  5  9 11 11  8  3  3  4  4  4  4  3  3  3  5
POS  98 98 98 98 98 97 95 91 89 89 92 97 98 96 96 96 96 97 97 97 95
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     2                       4                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  6  4  3  3  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  4  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
406 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KDDH   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              28          18          30           5       21
TMP  20 22 26 27 22 21 21 22 23 25 27 27 22 19 13  8  6 14 19 16 10
DPT  11 12 11 11 14 15 15 18 19 21 21 20 17 13  8  3  1  5  6  6  2
CLD  BK FW CL FW OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC SC BK FW CL BK BK
WDR  23 29 28 30 00 00 13 11 12 10 07 35 30 30 29 29 30 29 30 26 26
WSP  01 02 04 01 00 00 01 05 08 07 07 06 06 06 03 04 02 03 04 04 04
P06         2     0    10   100    99    70     5     0     6  4  4
P12               4         100          99           9       11
Q06         0     0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           3           3           0        0
T06      0/ 8  0/ 3  0/10  0/ 5  1/ 5  1/12  0/ 1  0/ 7  0/ 5  0/ 3
T12                  0/13        1/ 5        1/12        0/ 7  0/16
POZ   3  3  3  2  2  2  2  3  7  9 11  9  6  3  3  4  5  4  4  3  4
POS  95 98 98 98 98 98 98 97 93 91 89 91 94 98 97 96 95 96 96 97 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           2                       4
CIG   8  8  8  8  8  7  6  4  3  3  3  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  7  7  4  3  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Bennington, VT showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
	
341 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KDDH   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    28           7          21           7    23
TMP  26 25 24 25 25 25 22 19 13  9  7 15 19 20 17 15 12 10 11 20 18
DPT  21 21 20 20 20 18 16 13  8  5  2  6  7  7  7  6  5  4  3  9  8
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC BK SC OV OV OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  13 00 10 11 08 35 30 29 30 23 00 28 28 27 25 24 25 25 24 27 25
WSP  01 00 04 06 07 07 06 05 03 02 00 02 04 04 03 03 04 02 03 07 03
P06        94    92    86    29     1     3     0     0     3  6  4
P12                    92          34           4           4    14
Q06         2     3     3     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      6/ 5  4/ 9  2/11  0/ 2  0/ 1  1/ 4  1/ 3  1/ 7  1/ 5  1/16
T12            6/ 9        2/11        1/ 4        1/ 7     2/ 8
SNW                                 6                       0
CIG   7  6  4  4  4  4  5  4  5  5  7  8  8  8  7  7  6  5  6  6  6
VIS   7  7  5  2  3  1  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N BR FG BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
024 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KDDH   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    22          28           8          23     8
TMP  26 28 24 23 25 25 25 25 25 24 22 19 14 11  9 16 21 22 19 14 11
DPT  13 16 19 19 20 21 20 19 18 17 15 12  9  6  5  7  8  8  8  6  3
CLD  FW BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK BK OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  28 31 00 00 10 09 09 14 10 01 30 32 29 25 27 29 27 27 25 24 25
WSP  03 01 00 00 02 02 04 09 12 06 05 04 04 02 01 01 05 05 04 03 03
P06         2     2    94    88    78     2     2     4     1  1  9
P12                    94          88           3           9     9
Q06         0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/11  1/ 5  5/ 6  2/11  2/14  0/ 4  0/ 2  1/ 7  1/11  1/ 8
T12            2/11        6/11        2/14        1/ 7     2/11
SNW                     2                       4                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  6  4  4  4  4  4  5  5  5  5  6  8  8  8  6  6  6
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  5  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Bennington, VT showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top. 
200 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KGFL   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              27           0          18          -2       21
TMP  23 24 24 24 21 17 11  6  1  9 15 17 12  7  4  3  2 12 18 14  3
DPT  18 19 20 18 14  9  2 -3 -6 -1  1  1  0 -1 -3 -3 -3  3  3  1 -6
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL BK BK SC SC SC SC SC BK FW FW CL CL
WDR  02 03 02 01 36 36 35 35 35 02 19 20 27 25 22 23 21 23 22 24 25
WSP  04 08 08 06 07 06 05 04 02 04 04 05 03 02 02 02 02 06 08 05 04
P06       100    97    10     0     4     2     0     0     7  0  0
P12             100          10           6           3       10
Q06         3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      2/ 2  1/ 3  0/ 0  0/ 8  0/10  0/ 2  0/ 5  0/ 2  0/ 1  0/ 3
T12                  1/ 3        0/10        0/11        0/ 4  0/10
POZ   3  4  5  3  2  1  2  2  3  3  3  2  2  2  2  3  4  3  3  2  3
POS  95 96 95 97 98 99 98 98 97 97 97 98 98 98 98 97 96 97 97 96 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           6                       0
CIG   5  4  3  3  4  5  7  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   5  2  1  1  4  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  BR BR FG FG BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
222 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KGFL   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    27           1          19          -4    22
TMP  25 24 23 23 25 25 21 17 11  6  2 10 16 18 13  7  3  2  1 19 14
DPT  20 21 20 20 19 18 15 10  3 -2 -4  1  2  3  2 -1 -4 -4 -4  4  1
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL FW CL CL OV SC SC CL OV BK FW CL
WDR  03 04 04 04 03 01 36 35 35 36 35 02 18 20 27 26 23 23 21 23 24
WSP  01 02 03 05 05 06 07 06 04 03 01 03 04 05 02 02 02 02 02 09 05
P06       100    97    90     8     0     2     3     1     3  5  0
P12                    97           8           5           3     5
Q06         2     3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 3  2/ 5  1/ 0  0/ 0  0/ 3  0/ 4  0/10  0/ 5  0/ 2  0/ 9
T12            2/ 7        1/ 5        0/10        0/13     0/ 6
POZ   2  2  2  5  5  5  4  1  2  2  3  3  2  2  2  2  2  3  4  3  3
POS  96 98 98 95 95 95 96 99 98 98 97 97 98 98 98 98 98 97 96 97 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 4                       0
CIG   7  6  4  3  3  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  4  3  2  1  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR FG FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
250 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KGFL   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              14          26          -1          19       -3
TMP  21 19 20 20 18 22 24 23 20 17 10  5  1 10 16 18 12  6  3  2 18
DPT  15 13 13 14 14 19 18 17 14  9  2 -3 -6  1  2  2  1 -2 -4 -4  2
CLD  SC OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL CL FW SC FW FW FW FW FW FW
WDR  10 06 04 04 03 03 03 01 36 35 35 36 35 35 15 21 24 25 21 22 21
WSP  01 01 01 02 04 07 06 07 07 06 04 03 03 04 04 05 02 02 02 03 07
P06         5    96   100    90     9     3     2     1     0  7  6
P12              96         100           9           6        7
Q06         0     3     3     2     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           4           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 6  1/ 1  1/13  0/ 0  0/ 6  0/ 4  0/ 7  0/ 0  0/ 3
T12                  1/ 7        1/13        0/ 6        0/ 8  0/ 5
POZ   2  1  2  2  3  5  5  5  4  1  2  2  3  3  3  3  2  2  2  4  4
POS  96 99 98 98 97 96 95 95 96 99 98 98 97 97 97 98 97 97 98 96 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       6                    0
CIG   8  7  7  5  3  3  3  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  3  3  2  1  3  4  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR FG FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
984 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KGFL   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    14          27           2          20    -1
TMP  27 28 23 20 20 20 18 22 24 25 21 18 13  8  4 12 17 19 15  6  3
DPT  11 11 11 12 13 14 14 18 18 16 13 10  4  0 -3  2  3  4  3 -2 -3
CLD  CL FW BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV FW CL FW CL CL SC SC CL FW
WDR  07 12 05 00 04 06 03 04 02 01 36 35 35 35 35 28 23 23 24 23 22
WSP  01 03 01 00 01 02 04 06 06 06 07 06 04 03 02 04 05 06 03 04 03
P06         0     4    93    93    79     9     1     0     7  2  6
P12                    93          96           9           8     6
Q06         0     0     2     3     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 4  0/ 5  0/ 7  2/ 0  1/11  0/ 0  0/ 3  0/ 4  0/ 0  0/ 6
T12            0/ 8        2/ 9        1/11        0/ 4     0/11
POZ   2  2  1  2  2  2  3  4  5  5  3  2  2  3  3  3  3  3  2  3  4
POS  99 98 99 98 98 98 97 96 95 95 97 99 98 97 97 97 97 97 97 97 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     2                       6                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  7  4  4  3  2  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  3  3  2  1  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG FG BR BR HZ  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
254 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KGFL   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              28          17          27           0       20
TMP  17 23 26 27 23 21 21 22 21 23 24 24 21 18 11  6  2 12 17 16  7
DPT   8 11 11 11 13 14 14 16 16 19 19 18 15 10  4 -1 -4  3  4  4 -1
CLD  BK FW CL FW OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK FW CL SC CL SC SC FW
WDR  34 05 11 09 04 00 03 05 03 02 02 01 36 35 35 35 33 27 23 25 24
WSP  01 03 03 05 01 00 01 03 03 05 06 06 06 06 04 02 02 05 06 04 04
P06         3     0     8    99    99    71     4     0     6  5  3
P12               5          99          99           5       11
Q06         0     0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           3           3           0        0
T06      0/ 7  0/ 2  0/ 8  0/ 6  1/ 5  1/ 3  0/ 0  0/ 7  0/ 2  0/ 2
T12                  0/10        2/ 6        1/ 4        0/ 7  0/12
POZ   3  2  2  2  2  1  2  2  4  5  6  5  3  2  2  3  4  3  3  2  3
POS  95 98 98 98 98 99 98 98 96 95 94 96 97 98 98 97 96 97 97 96 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           2                       4
CIG   6  8  8  8  8  7  6  4  3  3  3  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  7  7  3  3  2  3  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Glens Falls, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
949 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KGFL   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    26           6          23           4    26
TMP  25 23 21 23 24 22 22 19 15 11  8 15 20 22 17 12 10  8  8 23 19
DPT  20 19 17 18 18 16 15 12  7  3  1  5  6  6  6  4  3  3  2  6  7
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK SC BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  00 03 02 02 03 01 01 35 34 34 14 14 20 21 22 23 23 24 22 23 22
WSP  00 02 04 04 06 06 07 06 05 02 01 03 05 05 03 04 03 04 02 07 03
P06        89    92    96    27     0     3     0     0     4  6  5
P12                    96          31           4           4    13
Q06         1     3     3     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     5           0           0           0     0
T06      4/ 3  3/ 5  3/ 9  0/ 0  0/ 1  0/ 1  1/ 1  2/ 6  1/ 5  1/14
T12            4/ 5        3/ 9        1/ 1        2/ 6     2/ 5
SNW                                 6                       0
CIG   7  6  4  4  4  5  5  5  6  6  8  8  8  8  7  7  6  6  6  6  7
VIS   7  7  5  2  2  2  3  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N BR FG BR FG BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
097 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KGFL   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    19          26           4          24     5
TMP  27 28 24 23 22 22 22 22 24 23 21 19 14  9  6 15 22 23 19 11  8
DPT  13 16 18 20 20 19 18 19 18 17 14 11  6  2 -1  5  7  8  8  4  1
CLD  BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK BK OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  19 13 08 00 01 02 02 03 02 01 01 35 32 36 01 17 21 22 23 24 21
WSP  04 03 01 00 02 03 08 05 06 06 07 07 05 02 01 03 08 07 03 05 03
P06         2     2    94    88    83     2     1     4     1  7  7
P12                    94          88           3          10     7
Q06         0     0     3     4     2     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 9  1/ 4  5/ 6  2/ 2  1/ 0  0/ 1  0/ 2  1/ 5  1/ 9  1/ 6
T12            2/ 9        6/ 6        1/ 1        1/ 5     2/ 9
SNW                     2                       4                 0
CIG   8  8  8  8  7  4  4  4  4  4  5  5  6  6  8  8  8  6  6  6  6
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  3  4  2  1  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Glens Falls, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
237 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KHFD   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              33          18          21           6       24
TMP  28 30 30 29 29 28 26 22 18 18 19 19 17 13 11  9  8 16 21 19 11
DPT  22 25 28 28 24 20 15 11  8  8  8  7  5  1 -1 -1 -1  2  4  3 -1
CLD  OV OV OV OV BK OV OV FW SC FW BK CL BK CL OV OV BK OV OV CL OV
WDR  01 01 03 01 34 34 35 35 34 35 34 34 33 36 30 32 32 30 29 28 28
WSP  07 10 07 05 06 07 08 07 06 06 06 04 03 02 03 03 04 06 08 06 04
P06       100    71    11     0     3     1     0     0     4  0  0
P12             100          11           7           3        7
Q06         4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      1/ 0  1/17  1/ 6  0/ 6  0/10  0/ 1  0/ 9  0/ 7  0/11  0/ 4
T12                  1/17        0/10        0/12        0/11  0/15
POZ  11 23 23 13 10  6  3  3  4  3  3  2  2  2  3  4  5  3  3  2  4
POS  89 58 53 79 81 91 97 98 97 97 97 96 97 96 97 96 95 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  S  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       0
CIG   3  3  3  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   2  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  FG BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
237 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KHFD   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              33          18          21           6       24
TMP  28 30 30 29 29 28 26 22 18 18 19 19 17 13 11  9  8 16 21 19 11
DPT  22 25 28 28 24 20 15 11  8  8  8  7  5  1 -1 -1 -1  2  4  3 -1
CLD  OV OV OV OV BK OV OV FW SC FW BK CL BK CL OV OV BK OV OV CL OV
WDR  01 01 03 01 34 34 35 35 34 35 34 34 33 36 30 32 32 30 29 28 28
WSP  07 10 07 05 06 07 08 07 06 06 06 04 03 02 03 03 04 06 08 06 04
P06       100    71    11     0     3     1     0     0     4  0  0
P12             100          11           7           3        7
Q06         4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      1/ 0  1/17  1/ 6  0/ 6  0/10  0/ 1  0/ 9  0/ 7  0/11  0/ 4
T12                  1/17        0/10        0/12        0/11  0/15
POZ  11 23 23 13 10  6  3  3  4  3  3  2  2  2  3  4  5  3  3  2  4
POS  89 58 53 79 81 91 97 98 97 97 97 96 97 96 97 96 95 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  S  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       0
CIG   3  3  3  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   2  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  FG BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
204 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KHFD   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    33          19          24           8    25
TMP  29 29 28 29 30 30 29 29 26 22 19 20 21 22 20 16 13 11 10 22 20
DPT  24 24 24 26 29 28 25 21 16 12  9  9  9  8  6  3  1  1  1  4  3
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL FW BK FW SC CL BK OV BK OV BK OV CL
WDR  03 02 01 01 04 01 34 34 34 35 34 35 35 33 33 32 32 29 31 30 27
WSP  01 03 08 12 07 05 06 07 08 06 06 06 05 04 03 03 04 03 04 09 05
P06       100   100    67     9     1     4     3     0     0  3  0
P12                   100           9           7           2     3
Q06         3     4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 5  0/ 0  1/15  1/ 5  0/ 4  0/ 3  0/10  0/ 8  0/ 5  0/17
T12            0/ 6        1/25        0/ 9        0/14     0/16
POZ   4  8 13 26 19 13 13  9  5  3  3  3  2  3  2  2  3  4  5  3  3
POS  91 90 85 55 22 41 74 88 95 98 97 97 98 97 96 96 96 96 95 94 94
TYP   S  S  S  Z  R  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 2                       0
CIG   8  5  3  2  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  5  3  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
215 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KHFD   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              25          32          17          24       10
TMP  31 29 27 28 27 29 29 30 29 28 25 21 17 19 22 21 19 16 14 12 22
DPT  18 16 17 20 22 25 28 27 23 19 15 10  7  7  8  7  6  2  1  1  5
CLD  BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL FW CL FW CL FW BK SC OV BK OV
WDR  08 00 04 01 01 01 02 01 35 34 34 34 34 35 33 33 33 33 32 30 29
WSP  01 00 02 06 09 10 07 06 07 07 08 06 06 07 06 05 04 03 04 05 07
P06         1   100   100    77    11     5     3     2     0  4  4
P12             100         100          12           7        8
Q06         0     3     4     1     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           4           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 5  1/ 0  1/18  1/ 8  0/ 4  0/ 6  0/ 8  0/ 1  0/10
T12                  1/ 9        1/18        0/ 6        0/12  0/12
POZ   2  2  1  9 18 19 17 17 16  9  5  3  4  3  3  3  2  3  3  5  4
POS  95 98 97 90 82 71 24 43 74 89 94 96 96 97 96 96 95 95 95 94 93
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  R  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       2                    0
CIG   8  8  8  4  3  2  2  2  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  5  4  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
091 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KHFD   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    25          33          18          26     9
TMP  35 36 31 28 27 27 27 29 30 30 29 29 26 21 18 21 24 24 21 14 11
DPT  14 12 14 14 16 19 22 25 28 27 24 20 16 11  8  7  7  7  7  3  1
CLD  CL CL OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL FW OV SC OV OV BK BK CL
WDR  36 34 05 00 05 02 01 01 03 01 34 33 34 34 34 34 33 32 31 29 32
WSP  03 01 01 00 01 05 09 10 07 04 06 08 09 06 06 06 07 06 05 04 05
P06         0     3    96    99    60     9     2     2     5  3  3
P12                    97          99           9           5     6
Q06         0     0     3     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           4           0           0     0
T06      0/ 2  0/ 7  0/ 1  1/ 0  1/15  1/ 7  0/ 4  0/ 5  0/ 1  0/ 7
T12            0/ 7        1/ 5        1/15        0/ 7     0/ 9
POZ   2  2  2  3  4  6 12 22 16 13 14  6  3  4  4  3  3  3  2  4  5
POS  99 99 99 98 93 90 85 54 36 51 71 88 95 96 95 97 96 96 95 95 93
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     2                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  8  7  4  3  3  2  3  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  5  4  2  3  4  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
386 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KHFD   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              33          26          33          18       27
TMP  19 26 31 32 29 27 28 29 29 29 30 31 29 28 26 21 18 21 24 22 15
DPT  12 15 16 15 16 16 17 20 23 26 28 27 23 19 14 10  7  7  8  7  3
CLD  OV FW SC CL BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL OV FW FW OV OV CL OV
WDR  36 36 34 33 16 00 04 02 01 03 02 01 34 34 34 34 34 33 32 31 29
WSP  01 02 03 02 01 00 01 05 08 09 07 06 05 07 08 06 04 07 07 05 05
P06         1     0    12   100    99    60     5     2     9  2  5
P12               3         100          99          14       12
Q06         0     0     0     4     4     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           4           4           0        0
T06      0/ 9  0/ 1  0/ 9  0/ 2  1/ 0  1/11  0/ 6  0/ 4  0/ 7  0/ 3
T12                  0/ 9        2/ 2        1/12        0/ 7  0/13
POZ   3  2  2  2  2  2  3  8 20 20 16 12 12  5  3  4  5  3  3  2  4
POS  95 98 98 99 98 94 92 89 62 58 39 46 72 90 96 96 95 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           2                       2
CIG   2  8  8  8  8  8  7  4  3  3  2  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   1  7  7  7  7  7  7  5  3  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  FG  N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Hartford, CT showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
788 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KHFD   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    34          18          31          15    33
TMP  29 28 27 29 31 32 31 27 24 21 18 22 28 30 26 23 20 18 17 30 28
DPT  24 24 23 23 25 25 23 18 14 11  9  8  9  9 10 10 10 10 10 13 12
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC CL SC BK BK OV OV OV BK OV OV
WDR  05 02 01 01 01 35 33 34 34 33 34 34 32 29 31 23 18 17 23 27 28
WSP  01 05 04 09 07 05 07 06 05 05 05 06 05 06 04 03 02 02 03 08 04
P06        94    92    80    20     1     3     1     1     3  6  5
P12                    92          23           4           4    10
Q06         3     4     2     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      6/ 4  2/ 9  0/13  1/ 5  0/ 5  1/ 5  1/ 1  1/ 5  1/ 3  1/11
T12            6/ 9        1/13        1/ 5        1/ 5     2/ 6
SNW                                 2                       0
CIG   8  6  4  3  2  2  4  5  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  7  7  8  8  7
VIS   7  7  3  4  3  3  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
913 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KHFD   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    27          37          18          32    19
TMP  31 33 30 29 30 30 29 30 34 35 32 28 24 21 19 23 29 30 27 24 21
DPT  14 16 20 22 22 22 22 23 25 24 20 17 14 12 10 10 11 10 11 13 12
CLD  BK BK BK OV BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL SC CL BK BK BK
WDR  29 29 04 00 03 02 02 36 03 36 33 35 33 33 33 34 31 29 29 25 29
WSP  04 04 01 00 01 04 09 10 06 05 06 06 05 05 06 06 05 06 04 04 03
P06         2     2    94    88    19     3     3     4     1  1  6
P12                    94          88           4           7     6
Q06         0     0     2     3     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     2           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 6  1/ 3  6/ 0  3/ 9  3/15  1/10  1/ 3  1/ 6  1/ 4  1/ 5
T12            2/ 6        7/ 9        3/15        2/ 6     2/ 4
SNW                     1                       1                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  8  6  3  3  3  3  3  5  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  7  3  3  4  5  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Hartford, CT showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
402 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              31          10          22           1       21
TMP  25 28 28 28 28 28 23 16 10 15 19 20 15 10  7  5  3 13 19 17  5
DPT  21 25 28 28 26 20 13  8  3  5  6  6  6  1 -1 -1 -2  3  5  3 -3
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL BK BK BK OV BK BK BK OV OV BK CL CL CL
WDR  02 03 05 02 32 33 33 33 35 35 33 33 34 03 32 31 34 28 29 27 29
WSP  07 09 05 03 04 06 09 06 03 04 05 03 01 01 02 02 01 05 07 04 02
P06       100    57     6     0     4     1     0     0     3  0  0
P12             100           6           5           2        7
Q06         4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      0/ 1  1/19  1/ 3  0/ 8  0/12  0/ 2  0/ 9  0/ 7  0/13  0/ 4
T12                  1/19        0/12        0/14        0/13  0/18
POZ  12 27 23 16 12  6  3  3  5  4  4  3  3  3  4  5  6  4  4  3  5
POS  88 61 73 81 85 92 97 97 96 96 96 96 97 96 96 95 94 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       0
CIG   3  3  2  3  4  6  7  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   1  1  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  FG FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
027 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    31           9          23           3    23
TMP  27 27 28 28 28 29 27 27 22 15  9 16 20 21 18 12  8  6  5 21 18
DPT  19 21 22 25 28 29 26 20 14 10  5  8  8  9  9  3  0  0  0  4  4
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL BK BK BK OV OV FW OV OV OV OV CL
WDR  01 02 03 04 05 01 33 32 32 33 34 35 33 33 34 01 33 31 30 29 25
WSP  02 04 07 10 04 04 03 08 08 05 04 05 05 03 02 02 02 02 02 07 03
P06       100   100    52     4     0     4     3     0     0  3  0
P12                   100           4           5           1     3
Q06         4     4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 5  0/ 4  1/16  0/ 5  0/ 5  0/ 6  0/13  0/ 7  0/ 5  0/20
T12            0/ 8        1/24        0/13        0/15     0/17
POZ   7 13 17 29 26 16 12  6  4  3  4  3  3  3  3  3  4  5  6  4  3
POS  88 87 83 57 55 75 82 94 97 97 96 97 97 97 96 96 96 95 94 94 95
TYP   S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 2                       0
CIG   8  4  3  2  2  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   6  4  3  2  3  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
489 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              22          31           9          23        2
TMP  28 25 24 24 24 26 28 28 27 26 21 15  9 16 21 22 18 12  8  5 22
DPT  18 19 19 21 22 25 27 27 23 17 12  7  2  6  7  7  7  2  0 -1  5
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL SC BK SC BK FW CL OV OV FW
WDR  00 00 00 03 02 05 02 35 35 34 32 32 35 35 32 32 32 35 32 29 28
WSP  00 00 00 03 09 06 06 04 05 06 08 04 03 05 06 04 02 02 03 02 06
P06         6   100   100    61     3     3     3     2     0  4  6
P12             100         100           5           5        7
Q06         0     4     3     1     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           4           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 5  0/ 1  1/22  0/ 5  0/ 5  0/ 8  0/ 8  0/ 0  0/12
T12                  0/11        1/22        0/ 8        0/12  0/13
POZ   3  2  4 16 23 29 25 20 16  5  3  4  5  4  4  3  3  3  4  6  5
POS  95 98 96 84 77 53 50 75 81 95 96 96 95 96 96 97 95 95 95 93 93
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       2                    0
CIG   8  8  7  3  3  2  2  3  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  5  3  2  3  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
991 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    22          31          10          25     4
TMP  31 35 26 23 23 23 24 26 28 29 29 28 23 16 10 17 23 25 20 10  6
DPT  15 14 16 17 18 20 21 25 28 29 25 19 14  9  5  7  7  7  8  2  0
CLD  CL BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL CL OV SC OV FW SC OV
WDR  32 03 00 00 04 04 06 05 04 35 31 32 32 33 34 34 31 30 30 30 29
WSP  02 01 00 00 01 02 04 07 06 03 06 07 08 04 04 05 07 06 03 03 02
P06         0    18    99    98    41     2     1     1     5  3  3
P12                    99          98           2           5     5
Q06         0     0     4     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           4           0           0     0
T06      0/ 4  0/ 8  0/ 2  1/ 0  1/20  0/ 6  0/ 4  0/ 7  0/ 5  0/ 7
T12            0/ 8        1/ 6        1/20        0/ 8     0/11
POZ   2  2  2  3  5 11 19 27 21 15 12  5  4  5  5  4  4  3  3  4  6
POS  98 98 98 97 95 88 81 54 63 72 75 95 96 95 95 96 96 96 95 95 93
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     4                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  8  6  3  3  3  2  3  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  3  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
423 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              33          23          34          11       25
TMP  10 22 30 32 25 24 25 25 25 27 31 32 30 27 22 16 11 18 23 21 11
DPT   8 14 15 15 16 17 19 21 23 25 27 27 24 18 13  9  5  7  8  8  3
CLD  SC FW FW BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC OV OV SC FW OV CL
WDR  32 33 32 04 00 04 03 04 04 04 04 01 32 33 33 33 34 34 31 30 29
WSP  01 03 03 02 00 01 02 02 05 07 04 03 06 07 07 04 03 05 07 03 03
P06         2     0    31   100    99    43     1     0     7  1  5
P12               5         100          99           7       12
Q06         0     0     0     4     3     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           4           3           0        0
T06      0/10  0/ 2  0/10  0/ 2  0/ 2  1/14  0/ 5  0/ 6  0/ 9  0/ 3
T12                  0/10        1/ 5        1/14        0/ 9  0/16
POZ   3  3  2  2  2  3  6 13 25 26 20 14  9  4  4  5  6  4  4  3  5
POS  95 98 98 98 98 97 91 88 63 58 67 76 80 95 96 95 94 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       2
CIG   8  8  8  8  8  8  6  3  3  3  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   5  7  7  7  7  7  5  4  3  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  BR  N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Monticello, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
021 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KPOU   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    32          13          26          10    29
TMP  27 26 25 26 29 29 27 24 20 16 14 19 24 26 23 19 16 13 11 27 23
DPT  24 24 22 23 24 24 21 16 12  9  7  8  9 10 11 12 11  9  7 13 12
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK CL CL OV BK BK OV OV OV BK OV OV
WDR  01 03 01 02 02 32 32 34 34 32 30 32 31 29 28 18 22 23 21 26 26
WSP  02 03 03 06 06 06 07 05 04 03 04 06 04 04 03 01 01 02 01 08 04
P06        94    92    57     5     1     3     1     1     3  6  5
P12                    92           7           4           4    11
Q06         3     4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      7/ 4  2/16  0/19  1/ 3  0/ 5  1/ 6  1/ 2  1/ 5  1/ 4  1/13
T12            7/16        1/19        1/ 6        1/ 5     1/ 9
SNW                                 2                       0
CIG   7  4  4  3  3  3  4  6  6  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  7  7  8  8  8
VIS   7  5  3  4  4  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
084 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KPOU   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    24          35          14          30    11
TMP  31 34 29 27 27 27 27 28 32 34 28 23 20 17 15 21 27 29 24 16 12
DPT  14 16 21 23 24 25 24 25 26 27 24 19 16 13 10 11 11 11 12 10  7
CLD  SC BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL BK SC BK BK BK
WDR  32 36 33 01 04 04 04 03 02 31 33 34 32 32 33 34 29 27 27 24 25
WSP  03 02 01 01 01 03 05 05 05 03 03 06 06 05 04 05 05 05 04 04 03
P06         2     2    94    88    10     3     3     4     2  1  8
P12                    94          88           4           7     8
Q06         0     0     3     3     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 7  1/ 4  8/ 4  4/16  3/17  1/ 8  1/ 3  1/ 9  1/ 7  1/ 6
T12            2/ 7       10/16        3/17        1/ 9     2/ 7
SNW                     2                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  7  5  3  3  3  3  3  4  6  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  5  4  4  4  5  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Monticello, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
402 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              31          10          22           1       21
TMP  25 28 28 28 28 28 23 16 10 15 19 20 15 10  7  5  3 13 19 17  5
DPT  21 25 28 28 26 20 13  8  3  5  6  6  6  1 -1 -1 -2  3  5  3 -3
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL BK BK BK OV BK BK BK OV OV BK CL CL CL
WDR  02 03 05 02 32 33 33 33 35 35 33 33 34 03 32 31 34 28 29 27 29
WSP  07 09 05 03 04 06 09 06 03 04 05 03 01 01 02 02 01 05 07 04 02
P06       100    57     6     0     4     1     0     0     3  0  0
P12             100           6           5           2        7
Q06         4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      0/ 1  1/19  1/ 3  0/ 8  0/12  0/ 2  0/ 9  0/ 7  0/13  0/ 4
T12                  1/19        0/12        0/14        0/13  0/18
POZ  12 27 23 16 12  6  3  3  5  4  4  3  3  3  4  5  6  4  4  3  5
POS  88 61 73 81 85 92 97 97 96 96 96 96 97 96 96 95 94 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       0
CIG   3  3  2  3  4  6  7  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   1  1  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  FG FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
027 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    31           9          23           3    23
TMP  27 27 28 28 28 29 27 27 22 15  9 16 20 21 18 12  8  6  5 21 18
DPT  19 21 22 25 28 29 26 20 14 10  5  8  8  9  9  3  0  0  0  4  4
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL BK BK BK OV OV FW OV OV OV OV CL
WDR  01 02 03 04 05 01 33 32 32 33 34 35 33 33 34 01 33 31 30 29 25
WSP  02 04 07 10 04 04 03 08 08 05 04 05 05 03 02 02 02 02 02 07 03
P06       100   100    52     4     0     4     3     0     0  3  0
P12                   100           4           5           1     3
Q06         4     4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 5  0/ 4  1/16  0/ 5  0/ 5  0/ 6  0/13  0/ 7  0/ 5  0/20
T12            0/ 8        1/24        0/13        0/15     0/17
POZ   7 13 17 29 26 16 12  6  4  3  4  3  3  3  3  3  4  5  6  4  3
POS  88 87 83 57 55 75 82 94 97 97 96 97 97 97 96 96 96 95 94 94 95
TYP   S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 2                       0
CIG   8  4  3  2  2  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   6  4  3  2  3  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
489 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              22          31           9          23        2
TMP  28 25 24 24 24 26 28 28 27 26 21 15  9 16 21 22 18 12  8  5 22
DPT  18 19 19 21 22 25 27 27 23 17 12  7  2  6  7  7  7  2  0 -1  5
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL SC BK SC BK FW CL OV OV FW
WDR  00 00 00 03 02 05 02 35 35 34 32 32 35 35 32 32 32 35 32 29 28
WSP  00 00 00 03 09 06 06 04 05 06 08 04 03 05 06 04 02 02 03 02 06
P06         6   100   100    61     3     3     3     2     0  4  6
P12             100         100           5           5        7
Q06         0     4     3     1     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           4           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 5  0/ 1  1/22  0/ 5  0/ 5  0/ 8  0/ 8  0/ 0  0/12
T12                  0/11        1/22        0/ 8        0/12  0/13
POZ   3  2  4 16 23 29 25 20 16  5  3  4  5  4  4  3  3  3  4  6  5
POS  95 98 96 84 77 53 50 75 81 95 96 96 95 96 96 97 95 95 95 93 93
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       2                    0
CIG   8  8  7  3  3  2  2  3  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  5  3  2  3  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
991 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    22          31          10          25     4
TMP  31 35 26 23 23 23 24 26 28 29 29 28 23 16 10 17 23 25 20 10  6
DPT  15 14 16 17 18 20 21 25 28 29 25 19 14  9  5  7  7  7  8  2  0
CLD  CL BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL CL OV SC OV FW SC OV
WDR  32 03 00 00 04 04 06 05 04 35 31 32 32 33 34 34 31 30 30 30 29
WSP  02 01 00 00 01 02 04 07 06 03 06 07 08 04 04 05 07 06 03 03 02
P06         0    18    99    98    41     2     1     1     5  3  3
P12                    99          98           2           5     5
Q06         0     0     4     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           4           0           0     0
T06      0/ 4  0/ 8  0/ 2  1/ 0  1/20  0/ 6  0/ 4  0/ 7  0/ 5  0/ 7
T12            0/ 8        1/ 6        1/20        0/ 8     0/11
POZ   2  2  2  3  5 11 19 27 21 15 12  5  4  5  5  4  4  3  3  4  6
POS  98 98 98 97 95 88 81 54 63 72 75 95 96 95 95 96 96 96 95 95 93
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     4                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  8  6  3  3  3  2  3  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  3  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
423 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KPOU   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              33          23          34          11       25
TMP  10 22 30 32 25 24 25 25 25 27 31 32 30 27 22 16 11 18 23 21 11
DPT   8 14 15 15 16 17 19 21 23 25 27 27 24 18 13  9  5  7  8  8  3
CLD  SC FW FW BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC OV OV SC FW OV CL
WDR  32 33 32 04 00 04 03 04 04 04 04 01 32 33 33 33 34 34 31 30 29
WSP  01 03 03 02 00 01 02 02 05 07 04 03 06 07 07 04 03 05 07 03 03
P06         2     0    31   100    99    43     1     0     7  1  5
P12               5         100          99           7       12
Q06         0     0     0     4     3     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           4           3           0        0
T06      0/10  0/ 2  0/10  0/ 2  0/ 2  1/14  0/ 5  0/ 6  0/ 9  0/ 3
T12                  0/10        1/ 5        1/14        0/ 9  0/16
POZ   3  3  2  2  2  3  6 13 25 26 20 14  9  4  4  5  6  4  4  3  5
POS  95 98 98 98 98 97 91 88 63 58 67 76 80 95 96 95 94 96 95 93 94
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  Z  Z  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       2
CIG   8  8  8  8  8  8  6  3  3  3  3  4  5  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   5  7  7  7  7  7  5  4  3  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  BR  N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Poughkeepsie, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
021 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KPOU   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    32          13          26          10    29
TMP  27 26 25 26 29 29 27 24 20 16 14 19 24 26 23 19 16 13 11 27 23
DPT  24 24 22 23 24 24 21 16 12  9  7  8  9 10 11 12 11  9  7 13 12
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK CL CL OV BK BK OV OV OV BK OV OV
WDR  01 03 01 02 02 32 32 34 34 32 30 32 31 29 28 18 22 23 21 26 26
WSP  02 03 03 06 06 06 07 05 04 03 04 06 04 04 03 01 01 02 01 08 04
P06        94    92    57     5     1     3     1     1     3  6  5
P12                    92           7           4           4    11
Q06         3     4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      7/ 4  2/16  0/19  1/ 3  0/ 5  1/ 6  1/ 2  1/ 5  1/ 4  1/13
T12            7/16        1/19        1/ 6        1/ 5     1/ 9
SNW                                 2                       0
CIG   7  4  4  3  3  3  4  6  6  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  7  7  8  8  8
VIS   7  5  3  4  4  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
084 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KPOU   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    24          35          14          30    11
TMP  31 34 29 27 27 27 27 28 32 34 28 23 20 17 15 21 27 29 24 16 12
DPT  14 16 21 23 24 25 24 25 26 27 24 19 16 13 10 11 11 11 12 10  7
CLD  SC BK BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV CL CL BK SC BK BK BK
WDR  32 36 33 01 04 04 04 03 02 31 33 34 32 32 33 34 29 27 27 24 25
WSP  03 02 01 01 01 03 05 05 05 03 03 06 06 05 04 05 05 05 04 04 03
P06         2     2    94    88    10     3     3     4     2  1  8
P12                    94          88           4           7     8
Q06         0     0     3     3     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 7  1/ 4  8/ 4  4/16  3/17  1/ 8  1/ 3  1/ 9  1/ 7  1/ 6
T12            2/ 7       10/16        3/17        1/ 9     2/ 7
SNW                     2                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  7  5  3  3  3  3  3  4  6  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  5  4  4  4  5  5  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Poughkeepsie, NY showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
259 
FOUS21 KWNO 050600
MAVNE1
KPSF   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   5      /FEB   6                /FEB   7             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              29           8          20           0       17
TMP  24 24 26 26 23 21 16 12  8 10 18 18 12  8  4  3  3 11 15 12  4
DPT  19 20 22 21 17 14  9  4  1  1  0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -4 -3  2  3  2 -5
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK SC SC BK BK OV BK BK BK BK FW FW CL
WDR  08 07 06 36 33 32 32 32 31 32 30 29 29 29 28 29 28 27 28 28 28
WSP  04 07 07 06 06 07 08 07 05 04 06 04 03 03 04 05 06 07 09 08 07
P06       100    79     9     0     3     1     0     0     5  0  0
P12             100           9           5           2        8
Q06         4     2     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               4           0           0           0        0
T06      1/ 2  1/15  0/ 0  0/ 7  0/12  0/ 2  0/ 9  0/ 6  0/ 8  0/ 5
T12                  1/15        0/12        0/13        0/ 9  0/17
POZ   7 13 17 11  8  5  3  3  5  4  4  3  3  3  3  4  6  4  4  3  4
POS  91 87 83 90 92 95 97 97 95 96 96 97 98 98 97 96 95 96 96 97 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           6                       0
CIG   4  3  3  3  4  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   5  3  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV  BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
197 
FOUS21 KWNO 050000
MAVNE1
KPSF   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    30           8          22           2    17
TMP  23 24 24 25 27 27 25 21 16 11  8 12 20 20 13 10  6  5  4 15 13
DPT  14 17 19 20 21 21 17 15  9  4  2  4  2  1  0  0 -1 -2 -2  4  2
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK BK SC FW CL SC BK BK BK OV FW CL
WDR  00 06 06 07 06 01 33 32 32 32 31 32 30 29 29 30 28 28 28 28 27
WSP  00 03 04 07 06 04 06 07 07 07 05 04 06 05 03 04 03 05 05 10 09
P06       100    99    75     9     0     3     3     0     0  2  0
P12                    99           9           4           2     2
Q06         3     4     1     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      0/ 5  1/ 6  1/13  0/ 1  0/ 4  0/ 6  0/12  0/ 8  0/ 4  0/16
T12            1/ 7        1/17        0/13        0/16     0/12
POZ   2  4  7 15 16 14 11  5  3  3  4  4  4  3  3  3  3  4  6  4  3
POS  95 96 93 86 83 83 87 95 97 97 96 96 97 97 98 98 97 96 95 96 97
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                 4                       0
CIG   7  5  3  2  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  5  3  2  1  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N BR BR FG FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
132 
FOUS21 KWNO 041800
MAVNE1
KPSF   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1800 UTC
DT /FEB   5                  /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 12 18
N/X              19          29           8          22        1
TMP  24 23 23 23 23 24 26 26 23 20 16 11  8 11 20 19 12  8  6  4 16
DPT  13 13 14 16 17 19 20 19 15 13  8  4  1  3  2  1 -1 -2 -2 -2  2
CLD  BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC BK CL CL FW SC BK BK BK FW
WDR  00 00 08 05 07 07 05 01 33 31 32 31 31 32 30 29 29 29 28 28 28
WSP  00 00 01 04 05 07 07 05 06 08 08 07 05 03 06 05 04 04 04 07 08
P06         2   100   100    82    10     4     3     2     0  5  4
P12             100         100          10           6        6
Q06         0     3     3     1     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               3           4           0           0        0
T06      0/ 0  0/ 5  1/ 1  1/22  0/ 2  0/ 5  0/ 7  0/ 8  0/ 0  0/10
T12                  1/10        1/22        0/ 8        0/11  0/10
POZ   3  2  3  7 12 15 14 15 12  5  3  4  5  4  4  3  3  3  4  6  5
POS  95 98 97 93 88 85 86 85 88 95 97 97 95 96 96 97 98 97 97 94 95
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                                       4                    0
CIG   8  7  7  4  3  2  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  5  3  2  2  3  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
463 
FOUS21 KWNO 041200
MAVNE1
KPSF   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    16          29           9          22     3
TMP  31 30 24 21 20 20 21 24 27 27 23 21 17 12  9 14 20 19 13  8  5
DPT  11  9 10 11 12 14 16 20 21 21 18 15 10  5  3  4  3  3  2  0 -2
CLD  SC BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK SC FW FW CL BK BK BK
WDR  30 29 00 00 00 07 07 08 07 36 32 31 31 31 31 31 29 29 28 27 28
WSP  06 04 00 00 00 04 05 07 07 05 05 10 08 08 05 04 07 07 06 06 07
P06         0     4    97    95    64     8     1     0     6  3  5
P12                    97          95           8           6     5
Q06         0     0     3     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     3           4           0           0     0
T06      0/ 4  0/ 8  0/ 3  2/ 0  1/19  0/ 4  0/ 4  0/ 7  0/ 4  0/ 7
T12            0/ 8        2/ 6        1/19        0/ 7     0/12
POZ   2  2  2  2  3  4  9 15 16 16 12  5  3  4  5  4  4  3  3  4  6
POS  98 98 98 98 97 96 91 85 84 83 86 95 97 96 95 96 96 97 97 96 94
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                     4                       6                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  7  4  3  3  2  3  4  5  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  4  3  2  2  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
200 
FOUS21 KWNO 040600
MAVNE1
KPSF   GFS MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  0600 UTC
DT /FEB   4      /FEB   5                /FEB   6             /
HR   12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 00 06
X/N              28          19          30           7       22
TMP  16 22 26 27 24 23 22 23 23 24 27 28 24 20 14 10  7 14 20 16  9
DPT   9 11 12 12 14 13 14 17 18 20 22 20 16 14  9  4  1  4  4  5  1
CLD  BK CL FW SC OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV SC BK BK FW BK FW
WDR  26 29 29 29 00 00 00 06 07 07 05 36 31 31 31 31 31 31 29 28 27
WSP  04 04 05 04 00 00 00 04 05 06 06 05 07 09 08 07 05 06 08 06 08
P06         2     0    15   100    99    63     4     0     7  3  5
P12               4         100          99          10       11
Q06         0     0     0     3     3     1     0     0     0  0  0
Q12               0           3           3           0        0
T06      0/ 9  0/ 2  0/11  0/ 3  1/ 1  1/13  0/ 2  0/ 6  0/ 7  0/ 3
T12                  0/12        1/ 4        1/13        0/ 7  0/16
POZ   3  3  3  2  2  2  3  5 11 15 17 13  9  4  3  4  6  4  4  3  4
POS  95 97 97 98 98 98 97 96 89 86 82 85 91 96 97 96 94 96 96 97 96
TYP   S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S  S
SNW                           4                       4
CIG   5  8  8  8  8  7  6  4  3  3  3  3  4  6  8  8  8  8  8  8  8
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  7  7  4  3  2  3  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR FG BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of GFS MOS for Pittsfield, MA showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
021 
FOUS44 KWNO 050000
METNE1
KPSF   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/05/2014  0000 UTC
DT /FEB   5            /FEB   6                /FEB   7          /
HR   06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 18 00
X/N                    28          12          21           9    24
TMP  25 25 24 23 25 25 23 21 18 15 12 14 19 20 16 15 14 13 12 22 18
DPT  21 21 20 20 20 19 17 15 11  8  6  5  5  6  7  8  7  7  7  4  5
CLD  OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK SC SC BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  24 00 02 06 06 32 33 32 31 31 30 30 29 29 28 27 26 25 28 28 27
WSP  03 00 03 05 04 05 06 05 05 04 03 04 06 05 02 01 02 02 02 09 04
P06        94    92    80    29     1     3     1     0     3  6  4
P12                    92          34           4           4    12
Q06         3     3     2     0     0     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     4           0           0           0     0
T06      6/ 5  4/14  1/16  1/ 3  0/ 3  1/ 5  1/ 2  1/ 5  1/ 4  1/15
T12            6/14        1/16        1/ 5        1/ 5     2/ 9
SNW                                 4                       0
CIG   8  6  4  4  3  3  5  4  5  5  8  8  8  8  7  6  6  5  6  5  6
VIS   7  7  4  2  3  1  4  5  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N BR BR BR FG BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
084 
FOUS44 KWNO 041200
METNE1
KPSF   NAM MOS GUIDANCE    2/04/2014  1200 UTC
DT /FEB   4/FEB   5                /FEB   6                /FEB   7
HR   18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 03 06 09 12 15 18 21 00 06 12
N/X                    20          27          12          21    10
TMP  26 28 24 23 22 21 21 24 25 24 21 19 17 15 13 15 19 20 18 15 12
DPT  13 15 19 20 20 19 18 20 19 18 15 12 11  9  8  8  9 10 10  7  4
CLD  SC BK OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV OV BK BK OV OV OV OV OV
WDR  29 30 00 00 00 05 07 06 07 35 32 32 31 30 29 30 28 28 27 26 28
WSP  04 03 00 00 00 01 04 06 01 03 05 06 05 06 04 04 07 06 05 03 04
P06         2     2    94    88    57     3     2     4     1  1 10
P12                    94          88           3           7    10
Q06         0     0     3     4     1     0     0     0     0  0  0
Q12                     2           3           0           0     0
T06      0/ 8  1/ 4  6/ 5  2/16  2/14  0/ 5  0/ 1  1/ 9  1/ 9  1/ 6
T12            2/ 8        7/16        2/14        1/ 9     2/ 9
SNW                     2                       2                 0
CIG   8  8  8  7  6  4  4  4  3  3  4  4  4  5  7  8  8  8  5  6  6
VIS   7  7  7  7  7  6  4  3  4  5  5  6  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7  7
OBV   N  N  N  N  N  N BR BR BR BR BR  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N  N
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Above:  Successive runs of NAM MOS for Pittsfield, MA showing the progress of the snow forecasts from bottom to top.
 
Above:  Loop of the High Resolution Rapid Refresh mesoscale (HRRR) model showing the 2 phases to the storm over 
interior northeastern U.S., the warm advection phase, the period of light precipitation and then the upper deformation phase 
with another period of enhanced snowfall.
 

Above:  Surface maps from NCEP at 1200 UTC 5 February (left) and 1200 UTC 6 February (right).

Above:  Loop of water vapor imagery through the storm.

Above:  Loop of visible satellite imagery through the storm.

Above:  Regional radar loop through the storm courtesy of the College of DuPage.

Above:  GIS snowfall map.